FD&C Citrus Red No.2
Also see Food, Drug & Cosmetic Colors (FD&C). This artificial color additive is used exclusively for coloring the skins of mature oranges which are not intended or used for processing. This dye is not permitted for any other use by the FDA.
Used According to the WHO, Citrus Red 2 should not be used as a food additive. This was due to results from several animals studies which revealed Citrus Red 2 to be a carcinogen. Classified as Group 2B - Possibly carcinogenic to humans, by the IARC.
Possible Health Effects
Carcinogenic in animal studies and "possibly carcinogenic to humans."
May cause allergic reaction in sensitive individuals
- International Programme on Chemical Safety, Toxicological evaluation of some food colours, emulsifiers, stabilizers, anti-caking agents and certain other substances: Citrus Red 2
, 1969, Thirteenth report of the Joint FAO/WHO Expert Committee on Food Additives, FAO Nutrition Meetings Report Series
- FDA e-CFR (Electronic Code of Federal Regulations), Title 21: Food and Drugs, Part 74 - Listing of Color Additives Subject to Certification, 71.302 Citrus Red No. 2, e-CFR Data current as of August 6, 2010, FDA
- International Agency for Research on Cancer, Agents Classified by the IARC Monographs, Volumes 1-100, Website Updated May 26, 2010, International Agency for Research on Cancer
- Winter, Ruth. A Consumer's Dictionary of Food Additives, 7th Edition: Descriptions in Plain English of More Than 12,000 Ingredients Both Harmful and Desirable Found in Foods. Three Rivers Press, 2009
- Statham, Bill. Eat Safe: The Truth about Additives from Aspartame to Xanthan Gum. Running Press, 2008
- Minich, Deanna M. An A-Z Guide to Food Additives: Never Eat What You Can't Pronounce. Conari Press, 2009
- Farlow, Christine Hoza, D.C.Food Additives: A Shopper's Guide To What's Safe & What's Not. KISS For Health Publishing, 2007 Revised Edition
Copyright August 9, 2010 Be Food Smart
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