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FD&C Yellow No.5

Alternate Names

Tartrazine, Y4, Coal Tar Dye


Also see Food, Drug & Cosmetic Colors (FD&C). This lemon yellow dye is derived from coal tar. It's used for yellow, but can be mixed with other colors such as Brilliant Blue to create shades of green.

FD&C Yellow No.5 - Quick Stats

Tartrazine, Y4, Coal Tar Dye

Allergy Information

FD&C Red No.40

FD&C Blue No.2

FD&C Yellow No.6

FD&C Red No.40

FD&C Green No.3





Additional Information

The FDA requires that Yellow No. 5 be specifically identified on the ingredient line because some people are very sensitive to it. Due to several studies on children and hyperactivity, the European Union requires food containing this colorant to have a label which states: "may have an adverse effect on activity in children" (see In the News section below).

Found In

candy, soft drinks, cereal, gelatin desserts, baked goods, ice cream, pudding, snack foods, energy drinks, flavored chips, jam, yogurt, pickles, dessert powders, custard

Possible Health Effects

Serious allergic reactions can occur in those with sensitivities to aspirin. Other effects include: asthma, hives, headache, skin rash.

Allergy Information

May cause allergic reaction in sensitive individuals

In The News

In December 2008, the European Union took action to require special labeling on foods containing any of 6 different artificial food colorings. The warning label states that the food "may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children" and the mandate went into effect on July 20, 2010.

Online Resources/Related

Print Resources

Copyright August 8, 2010 Be Food Smart

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